Reza Shah (Mostanad Manoto1 TV-Documentary)
Rezā Shāh Pahlavi, was the Shah of the Imperial State of Persia from December 15, 1925, until he was forced to abdicate by the Anglo-Soviet invasion on September 16, 1941.
In 1925, Reza Shah deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty, and founded the Pahlavi dynasty. He established a constitutional monarchy that lasted until overthrown in 1979 during the Revolution. Reza Shah introduced many social, economic, and political reforms during his reign, ultimately laying the foundation of the modern state.
His legacy remains controversial to this day: his defenders assert that he was an essential modernizing force for country (whose international prominence had sharply declined during Qajar rule), while his detractors assert that his reign was often despotic, with his failure to modernize large peasant population eventually sowing the seeds for the Revolution.